Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.

A clergyman, activist and leader in the African American civil rights movement, Martin Luther King Jr. is best known for his “I Have a Dream” speech of August 28, 1963.  Click here to read the text of King’s ‘I Have a Dream’ speech from American Rhetoric (Adobe Acrobat required) 


The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., speaking at the March on Washington, Aug. 28, 1963. Credit: National Archives

Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a federal holiday in 1986 and is celebrated on the 3rd Monday in January.  King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.

Did you also know that in 1964, at age 35,  Martin Luther King Jr. became the youngest man to win the Nobel Peace Prize?

Learn more about this exceptional leader by reading the following biography written by The Nobel Foundation in 1964. 
Biography Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family… Click here to read full biography

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